For those who want total control of all aspects of the exposure system, the ZR40 offers manual settings. You can select the shutter speed and aperture settings for full creative control.
Manually focus the camcorder's lens by using a dial on the camera body.
For fine control over how dark or light you want a scene to look, use the Auto Exposure Shift setting to adjust the auto exposure level.
Manual and Automatic Shutter Speeds
There are 8 shutter speeds (from 1/60 sec. to 1/8000 sec.) available in all auto exposure modes. They may also be selected manually. Slow shutter speeds are available in Night and Low Light modes.
Preset/Auto/Manual White Balance
The ZR40 is designed to determine white balance automatically. You also can use standard preset values for indoors (3200º K) and outdoors (5600º K) or you can manually set the white balance. Manually setting the white balance is useful when shooting: subjects with one dominant color such as the sky, close-ups, rapidly changing lighting conditions, and places lit by certain types of fluorescent or mercury vapor lights.